Technology Fields

Overview of the IPCEI on Batteries Work Streams

Overview of the IPCEI European Battery Innovation (EuBatIn) Work Streams

IPCEI Partners

Direct Participants of IPCEI on Batteries


Created in September 2020 Automotive Cells Company (ACC) is a new venture that brings together the expertise of three major companies, with highly complementary skills and experiences: Saft, PSA and Opel.


Saft specializes in advanced battery technology solutions for industry, from design and development to production, customization and service provision, and brings its expertise for battery R&D and industrialization. PSA (Stellantis) is a French multinational automobile company creating vehicles for Peugeot, Citroen, DS, Opel and Vauxhall and will make ACC benefit from its knowledge of the automotive market and its experience in mass production. Opel brings over a century of German industrial know-how to ACC. They've lead the way in creating robust, reliable vehicles since 1899.
This association demonstrates their desire to combine their know-how to create a global reference player for battery development and manufacturing for eV, and the European leader of automotive batteries enabling clean and efficient mobility for the greatest number.
ACC’s ambitions are to be a high-tech and innovative center of excellence, to be competitive, producing automotive batteries more affordable than ever, to act in a socially and environmentally responsible manner and to create highly qualified jobs and job opportunities also in its value chain.
ACC’s 4 main environmental and social levers for responsible battery manufacturing are: the lowest possible carbon footprint for its cells and modules in a continuous improvement approach, a sustainable supply chain with full traceability of the raw materials especially the strategic metals, eco-design of the products that will be recyclable, easy to repair and dismantle, and factories operated according to the best environmental management standards.

Description of the project
ACC’s project targets within the framework of „IPCEI on Batteries“ are research & development, prototype production and testing of highly innovative Lithium ion battery cell technologies and mass-production of battery cells and modules in 2 gigafactories. The project builds on R&D activities near Bordeaux (South of France) and on a testing plant in Nersac (South of France). The second phase of the project is the building of a Gigafactory for battery cells and modules in Billy-Berclau (North of France), with an expected start of production by mid-2023. And the third one is the construction of another Gigafactory in Kaiserslautern (Germany).
By 2030, ACC aim to produce one million batteries annually with at least 70% of its suppliers based in Europe.


BASF creates chemistry for a sustainable future. The approximately 110,000 employees in the BASF Group work on contributing to the success of our customers in nearly all sectors and almost every country in the world.

Germany, Finland

Our portfolio is divided into six segments with eleven divisions. In addition to battery materials, BASF's Catalysts division is also responsible for our world-leading portfolio of environmental and process catalysts. BASF’s technology platform Process Research & Chemical Engineering develops new technologies and processes not only for battery research, but also for the very wide range of chemical processes.

Description of the project
E-mobility in Europe requires a locally integrated, cost-effective battery value chain that can deliver high-performance and sustainable batteries. BASF is planning a new plant for the production of cathode active materials (CAM) in Schwarzheide, Germany, which can produce cathode active materials of the latest and next generation according to innovative production processes. The project also includes intensive research activities for specific product properties and efficient recycling technology. Moreover, BASF is planning a new plant for the production of precursors (PCAM) in Harjavalta, Finland.


With its four brands BMW, MINI, Rolls-Royce and BMW Motorrad, the BMW Group is the world’s leading premium manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles and also provides premium financial and mobility services.


The BMW Group production network comprises 31 production and assembly facilities in 15 countries; the company has a global sales network in more than 140 countries.

In 2019, the BMW Group sold over 2.5 million passenger vehicles and more than 175,000 motorcycles worldwide. The profit before tax in the financial year 2019 was € 7.118 billion on revenues amounting to € 104.210 billion. As of 31 December 2019, the BMW Group had a workforce of 126,016 employees.

The success of the BMW Group has always been based on long-term thinking and responsible action. The company has therefore established ecological and social sustainability throughout the value chain, comprehensive product responsibility and a clear commitment to conserving resources as an integral part of its strategy.

Description of the project
BMW’s project targets within the framework of „IPCEI on Batteries“ are design (including definition of cell chemistry), development, prototype production and testing of a highly innovative generation of Lithium ion battery cells. Therefore, several battery cells sample prototypes are built, tested and analyzed. The final target cell will be manufactured on the newly set-up battery cell pilot plant and as proof of concept fully validated as basis for subsequent industrialization by a European cell supplier.

Another significant part of the project is the design of an improved and innovative module and battery pack targeting substantial reduction of production time, cost reduction, increase of energy density (on module and pack level), but in particular leading to a significantly improved recycling ability (e.g. less complicated automated dismantling, optimization of material mix…) as a base of recirculation of materials into production process (circular economy).

Elemental Strategic Metals

Elemental Strategic Metals Sp. z o.o. is a SPV company of Elemental Holding S.A. Elemental Holding is a Poland-based, holding company active in urban mining, recycling and refining of critical raw materials focusing on battery metals, platinum group metals and precious metals.


Description of the project
Elemental Strategic Metals’ project include development in Poland of  plant for recycling of lithium-ion batteries and  other waste containing metals critical for e-mobility. The company will process various types of waste containing metals important for e-mobility, including production scrap. The recycling process will include mechanical and metallurgical treatment  leading to production of high quality raw materials for European industry.


Endurance SpA (Endurance), an Italy-based subsidiary of Endurance Overseas, the European holding company of the Endurance Group, active in the supply of engine and transmission components to European automotive OEMs.


Enel X S.r.L.

Enel X, Enel Group’s global business line, is a leader in the energy sector, offering services that accelerate innovation and boost the energy transition.


Through its advanced solutions, Enel X provides each partner with an ecosystem of tech platforms and consulting services, focusing on sustainability and circular economy principles in order to provide an alternative model that respects the environment and integrates technological innovation into daily life. Each solution has the power to turn decarbonization, electrification and digitalization goals into sustainable actions for everyone.

Project Description
Enel X presented a project on the first IPCEI about Fault and Degradation prediction of batteries which was approved last December 2019.


Eneris Groupa (Eneris), a Poland-based company, dedicated to innovations protecting environment (waste, water, energy) active, amongst other, in distributed energy and recycling, including batteries.



FIB S.p.A., an Italy-based company, operating under the brand FAAM, is active in the design, production and recycling of cells, modules, and li-ion batteries for industrial, automotive, storage, and special applications.


FIB has already realized a pilot production of cells, modules, and li-ion batteries in Teverola (Italy) with a production capacity of 0.35GWh.
FIB is also active in the production and recycling of lead-acid batteries, as well as in the design and construction of plants for the recycling of end-of-life batteries.
FIB is part of Seri Industrial Group, a listed company on the Milan Stock Exchange (MTA) operating along the entire value chain of plastics (recycling, moulding, and extrusion) and batteries, that employs almost 1,000 people in 14 production plants in Italy, France, Poland, and China.

Project Description (Cells and modules WS)
The objective of the project is the design and development of beyond state-of-the-art Li-ion cells and modules, based on high-voltage, high energy, and safe active materials. Particular attention will be put on the environmental footprint, with a sustainable and efficient manufacturing process. The green manufacturing process will be carried out by eliminating toxic solvents and reducing the CO2- equivalent during production. Emphasis will be put on the battery cell and module design to be easily dismantled and recycled.
The project will be deployed in the Teverola (Italy) cluster area, where FIB is already running a 0.35GWh plant. The mission of FIB is to deploy the first Mediterranean Gigafactory.

Project Description (Recycling WS)
The objective of the project is the deployment of an industrial pilot line based on hydrometallurgical process for the recovery of the feedstock. This process, coupled with optimized logistics and integration with waste electrical and electronic equipment, will allow to reach a “zero waste” concept for the recovery of Li-ion battery materials. The collection, sorting and battery dismantling will be performed locally, based on local regulation, minimizing the transport of dangerous waste. Cell material recycling, after the deactivation and shredding, would be carried out in centralized plants, continuously fed, thus reducing energy consumption and emissions, and optimizing economics.

Fortum Recycling & Waste

Fortum is a European energy company providing customers with electricity, gas, heating and cooling as well as smart solutions to improve resource efficiency. Together with its subsidiary Uniper,  Fortum is the third largest producer of CO2-free electricity in Europe with activities in more than 40 countries.


Description of the projects
IPCEI on Batteries Project: Production of sustainable battery chemicals from secondary raw materials.

The objective of the project is the first industrial deployment of sustainable battery chemical production from secondary raw materials. Fortum has developed a hydrometallurgical process to recover valuable metals from secondary raw materials such as recycled battery black mass, battery material production waste and other industrial side streams. The products from the process are returned back to the battery value chain as battery chemicals.

Flash Battery srl

Flash Battery srl, (Flash Battery), is an Italy-based company committed to developing technologies and creating tailored projects with high added value in custom battery production for industrial machines and electric vehicles.


The Flash Battery team (average age 33, 30% engineers) design, create and remotely monitor lithium batteries supplied to industrial machine and electric vehicle manufacturers having medium-volume production and high customisation requirements. The lithium batteries feature a pulsing heart: the Flash Balancing System, a proprietary electronic system under international patent pending status, which keeps cells balanced and working efficiently throughout the life of the battery (over 4,000 cycles).

The company’s product portfolio includes more than 350 different types of batteries installed in over 9,000 applications. The customer base encompasses companies from a variety of sectors in 54 countries: automation, robotics, logistics, nautical systems, construction, aerial platforms, electric vehicles, agriculture, and airport ground support equipment.

With corporate headquarters in Sant’Ilario (Reggio Emilia, Italy), the company was established in 2012 (under the name Kaitek srl) by Marco Righi, CEO and Founder and Alan Pastorelli, CTO. Today, Flash Battery is part of the Elettric80 Group, a world-class industry leader in development of automated logistics solutions

Description of the project
Flash Battery is among the 17 European companies engaged in the Important Project of Common European Interest (IPCEI Summer on Batteries) which aims to strengthen the EU capacity in the industrial production of next-gen lithium batteries and support the environmental sustainability of the battery value chain. Flash Battery will develop an advanced Battery Management System specifically designed for new cell technologies, to safely exploit their best performances and lifecycle. It will also develop technologies for new generation battery systems available to industrial applications and sectors.


Keliber Technology Oy (Keliber) is a Finland-based SME aiming at production of battery-grade lithium hydroxide (monohydrate) for the growing lithium-ion battery Industry.


Company’s own lithium ore will be used as raw material. Keliber will utilize sustainable and cost-effective soda pressure leaching technology for hydrometallurgical lithium extraction and lithium hydroxide production. The production is planned to start late 2024 and reach full annual capacity of 15 000 tons of lithium hydroxide monohydrate in 2025 comparable for production of about 25 GWh of lithium-ion batteries.

Description of the project
Keliber’s main objective is to further develop and optimize company’s production process and secure sustainable production of high-quality lithium hydroxide fulfilling the cost, quality, and safety requirements of the customers. Novel on-line monitoring techniques are used for the process and final product quality optimization. Additionally, Keliber will increase the cooperation with participating downstream processing companies for becoming a solid part of the European lithium-ion battery value chain.


Nanocyl SA is the industrial multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) expert and a worldwide industry leader in the development, manufacturing and sales of MWCNT and MWCNT formulated products.


With its 460tons/year annual MWCNT production capacity, Nanocyl has been serving the automotive, electronic and battery industries for almost 20 years with its MWCNTs. In lithium-ion batteries, MWCNT are used as conductive additives in cathode and anode formulations. Thanks to their unique morphology and intrinsinc properties, MWCNT improve internal conductivity, energy density and capacity retention performances of Li-ion cells.

Description of the project
Nanocyl aims to develop a new high purity carbon nanotube showing the best morphology to maximize Li-ion cell performances and using innovative production processes that are more environmentally friendly than processes currently used by the industry.

SEEL Swedish Electric Transport Laboratory

The Swedish Electric Transport Laboratory (SEEL) is a joint venture company owned and run by Chalmers and RISE. SEEL will establish and operate a test center for research and development in the field of electromobility.


Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg conducts research and education in technology and natural sciences at a high international level. RISE is an independent, state-owned group of research institutes in Sweden, which offers unique expertise and over 100 testbeds and demonstration environments for future-proof technologies, products and services.

Description of the project
The project will establish three facilities with the aim to consolidate efficient knowledge development and improve the conditions for collaboration in the field of electrified transport in Sweden and Europe. The automotive, aerospace and maritime sectors plus other developers in relevant areas will gain a common platform on which to meet, and will benefit from the knowledge development and technology shift currently taking place. Researchers will at the same time gain access to advanced research infrastructure in the field of electromobility. The test center will be operational by 2023.


Solvay is a large multi-specialties chemical group working on the forefront of innovation in chemicals and materials.

Belgium, France, Italy

Headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, Solvay operates in 61 countries around the globe, employing around 25,000 people with a turnover of around 10 billion €. Solvay is committed to developing chemistry that addresses key societal challenges. In the Lithium Battery market Solvay is focusing the majority of its activities in developing innovative materials that enable battery components (anodes, cathodes, electrolytes, separators..) and cells to improve their performance.

Description of the project
The focus of Solvay’s innovation efforts in IPCEI projects is to bring new, innovative materials that will allow the advent of next generation batteries. Solvay will develop advanced materials, either for liquid electrolyte and solid-state systems that could enable the commercialization of GEN 3 and GEN 4 cells and consent the adoption of new cost-effective and environmentally friendly manufacturing processes; in addition Solvay has proposed a specific project about new polymeric membranes to meet the challenging requirements of Redox-Flow Batteries.


Terrafame Oy (Terrafame), a multi-metal mining Finland-based company producing nickel, zinc and cobalt and with an objective of producing battery grade nickel and cobalt sulfate and a subsidiary of FMG.


Umicore AG & Co. KG

Umicore is a materials technology company with activities in the area of recycling, catalysis and energy and surface technologies. The Umicore group has production sites over the whole world and serves customers worldwide.


In 2019 Umicore has achieved 17 Milliard (3.3 w/o metal) Euro and has been employing 11150 coworkers. Based on many years of experience in the area of metallurgy and recycling Umicore has developed and installed the worldwide first industrial recycling process for Li-Ion, Li-Polymer and NiMH batteries with high metal recovery rates.

Description of the project
The objective of the project is the development of a safe and efficient concept for the collection, transport and storage of high volumes of End-of-Life (EoL) Batteries from Hybrid and battery electric vehicles (xEVs), and also of a highly efficient battery dismantling process as important pre-step for the metallurgical recycling in a technology center for battery recycling.

This contributes to the installation of a sustainable and safe circular economy and supply of technology metals for battery materials in Europe.


VARTA AG produces and markets an extensive battery portfolio from microbatteries, household batteries, energy storage systems to customer-specific battery solutions for a wide range of applications.


As the group’s parent company, it operates in the business segments ‘Microbatteries & Solutions’ and ‘Household Batteries’.
The Microbatteries & Solutions segment focuses on the OEM business for microbatteries and on the lithium-ion battery pack business.
As an innovation leader in the microbattery sector and for hearing-aid microbatteries, the operating subsidiaries VARTA Microbattery GmbH and VARTA Micro Production GmbH aspire to establish overarching future market innovations in the field of Lithium-Ion batteries.

The VARTA AG group currently employs almost 4,000 people. With five production and manufacturing facilities in Europe and Asia as well as sales centers in Asia, Europe and the USA, the operating subsidiaries of VARTA AG are currently active in over 75 countries worldwide.

Description of the project
The objective of the project is the research and development of beyond state of the art Lithium-Ion cell designs and recipes, sustainable and efficient manufacturing processes as well as the industrialisation of the latest innovations of Lithium-Ion technology in Europe.
In the course of the individual project, VARTA will develop and industrialize battery cells and the necessary manufacturing processes which will exceed the state-of-the-art. The goal is to supply the markets with significantly more powerful and efficient products compared to today. Applications in the areas of the Internet of Things (“IOT”) or medical technology will equally benefit as industrial applications and automotive.

The major objectives are the increase of energy and power density on cell and system level combined with highly efficient and sustainable manufacturing processes on large scale.