Issue 02/2021 | The European Battery Market & Ecosystem


Welcome battery enthusiasts! We invite you to enjoy the second issue of our quarterly newsletter of the European Battery Innovation (EuBatIn) accompanying research team of the IPCEI programme, managed by VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH (VDI/VDE-IT) on behalf of the German Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi).

Together with our partners TÜV Rheinland Consulting and Technical University Berlin, the team promotes the establishment of battery cell production in Germany and Europe, connects the funded projects with actors of this ecosystem, supports political decision-making processes and moderates the stakeholder dialogue.

We are now entering the next phase of this European endeavour. Meanwhile many IPCEI projects have started to strengthen the European battery ecosystem. At the final stage, more than 50 companies will be working together with 150 external partners in around 300 collaborations in twelve EU member states. This extensive merger of European expertise is already attracting further investment from local and international players. The accompanying research team is picking up on this development. We are intensifying efforts to build a strong European network. Learn more about how we do that in this newsletter and feel invited to collaborate at any time and share your ideas and enthusiasm with us.

Uwe Seidel and Stefan Wolf
Programme Management IPCEI Battery, VDI/VDE-IT

Market analysis: Ongoing momentum in the battery cell market in Europe

An essential task of our accompanying work is the continual observation of the market development.

Demand for battery cells in Europe is increasing rapidly. Despite contrary market developments in the automotive sector, the number of newly registered electric vehicles (BEVs and PHEVs) rose from around 400,000 in 2019 to over one million units in 2020 in Europe. By 2030, the projected demand for battery cells for vehicle production will be 200 to 760 GWh per year, depending on the assumed market share of xEV (22 to 81%). According to a recent study, the total global demand for batteries for electric vehicles, stationary storage and consumer electronics in 2030 will be around 2,200 GWh/a.

In order to meet this fast growing demand, battery production capacities worldwide and especially in Europe are being massively expanded. Numerous new production facilities are already in operation, under construction or at least in planning. As a result, production capacities in Europe will range between 697 and 959 GWh/a in 2030.

The comparison of the demand scenarios in the vehicle sector with the forecasted production capacity underlines that the demand of the European market can very likely be met with cells produced in Europe even in a progressive market ramp-up scenario. Regarding the above mentioned global demand for batteries, even around 32% can be covered by the European production capacities assumed to be secured for 2030.

For a detailed battery market overview with interesting facts and figures, download our latest analysis.

Researchers' spotlights: Battery assembly is a key area for innovations in battery production

The battery assembly is an essential step in battery production. It includes handling of sensitive battery materials by increased productivity and various requirements in small and large series production. German researchers present current needs and developments in the following terms:

Prof. Klaus Dröder (TU Braunschweig, Germany) emphasises three main innovation targets in battery assembly: „In both, lithium-ion batteries and all-solid-state batteries, there persist the challenges for damage-free handling, increase of assembly accuracy, and increase of productivity.“

Prof. Jürgen Fleischer (KIT Karlsruhe, Germany) highlights the need for agility: ”Products dedicated to highest customer expectations require specialized battery designs. There is hence a need to produce such batteries competitively in lower lot sizes.“

Prof. Franz Dietrich (TU Berlin, Germany) emphasises these aspects for assembly with very high throughput: ”Model-based development is vitally necessary to optimize handled materials and assembly processes towards their physical throughput limits.“

Prof. Rüdiger Daub (Fraunhofer IGCV, Germany) summarises the shift from lithium-ion batteries towards all-solid state batteries at large scale: “To demonstrate whether all-solid state batteries could replace lithium-ion batteries at large scale there is a substantial need for new process routes and adaptions of established production technologies. If they could, the shift over will not be a sudden disruption but an incremental process entailing a coexistence of both cell technologies.”


New developments in standardisation: ISO/TC 333 "Lithium"

The topic lithium recycling has recently been included in the work programme of the technical committee ISO/TC 333 "Lithium". Even though the normative treatment of batteries and the topic of "recycling of battery raw materials" is explicitly excluded, the accompanying research team of the IPCEI EuBatIn programme participates in the mirror committee of DIN and will follow further developments closely.

The scope of ISO/TC 333 "Lithum" includes standardisation in the field of lithium mining, concentration, extraction, separation and conversion to useful lithium compounds/materials. The work programme includes terminology, technical conditions of delivery to overcome transport difficulties, unified testing and analysis methods to improve the general quality of lithium products. More information on ISO/TC 333 can be found on the website >>

For further information on how to participate in the committee, please reach out to your national standardisation institute.

IPCEI news: Two IPCEI programmes - one IPCEI Batteries website

The IPCEI Batteries website has been launched this summer and is still growing. It currently contains important information regarding the first of the two battery IPCEIs, the "IPCEI on Batteries", involving 17 direct participants from seven EU member states. Set up by VARTA AG on behalf of these IPCEI partners, the website provides facts about the IPCEI programme, its technology fields and its partners. Currently, the programme management of the second IPCEI is working on adding facts and figures about the IPCEI EuBatIn ("European Battery Innovation") and on providing news and publications of the programme's accompanying research. The extended website is expected to go live by the end of this year.

News from the ecosystem : "Elektro-Mobil" funding programme supports e-mobility R&D-projects in Germany

With the “Elektro-Mobil” funding programme, the the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) is currently supporting more than 55 research and development projects that aim to tap the potential of electric mobility in the area of energy and climate policy and to strengthen the competitive position of German key industries with regard to the energy transition and the transformation of the transport sector.

The objectives of the funding programme are to reduce the overall system costs of electric mobility, overcome technical barriers and increase the attractiveness of use. The projects explore for example the development of connected charging infrastructure in cities, load management, electrification of freight transport or flexible models for the production of electric vehicles and charging stations. Several projects participate in national and international standardisation activities. To learn more about the programme, visit the BMWi website >>

For additional news, follow the programme's accompanying reseach on LinkedIn >>

News from our partner: LiPLANET Training Sessions

Battery storage is set to completely disrupt the energy space and shape the future of the sector for the foreseeable future. Education and training is key here. For this reason, LiPLANET offers a series of virtual training sessions that will take place in October and November 2021. Trainings will cover digitalisation in battery production, modelling and simulation of cells, cell design and electrode manufacturing as well as physical and machine learning modeling of battery manufacturing processes. The sessions will be led by experts in these fields from CIDETEC, TU Braunschweig, ABEE and Université de Picardie Jules Verne. For more information please visit the LiPLANET website >>

For additional news on the training sessions and more follow LiPLANET on LinkedIn >>

Events, conferences & networking

Below, you can find a brief overview of upcoming events and conferences related to the topic of batteries. If you are organising a battery-related conference or other event that you would like to have included in this list of our next quarterly newsletter, please click here to send us an e-mail.

05 / 12 / 19 / 26 October 2021

Green Battery Conference 2021
Online event
With a presentation by Dr. Mischa Bechberger, VDI/VDE-IT

12 / 19 / 26 October &
02 / 09 / 16 / 23 November 2021

DIN/DKE online event series on the current Chinese standardisation strategy
Online event

19 - 20 October 2021

Battery Tech Europe Conference
Stuttgart, Germany
With a presentation by Dr. Stefan Wolf, VDI/VDE-IT

01 - 03 November 2021

International Battery Production Conference
Braunschweig, Germany
With a presentation by Marlene Eisenträger, VDI/VDE-IT

15 - 16 November 2021

Future Battery Forum: Berlin 2021
Berlin, Germany

23 - 25 November 2021

The Battery Innovation Days
Online event
With an IPCEI Batteries session

30 November -
02 December 2021

The Battery Show Europe
Stuttgart, Germany

13 - 14 December 2021

AVERE E-Mobility Conference 2021
Brussels, Belgium


Save the date: Upcoming Live Talks

The accompanying research team of the IPCEI programme is continuing its successful monthly Live Talk series on important questions that arise within the battery IPCEIs and the battery ecosystem.

The Live Talk "Qualification strategies for transformation in the automotive industry" will take place on 28 October 2021, from 16.30 - 17.15 CEST.The online event is free of charge and you are kindly invited to join!

Please also take note of onemore upcoming Live Talkin 2021 and join us for an online expert discussion on 09 December 2021.

If you are signed up for this newsletter, you will receive an invitation in due time. We will also announce the Live Talks in our LinkedIn group European Battery Innovation and would be happy to welcome you there. Join the group to let us know your point of view, to discuss the topics of this newsletter and many more and to network with more than 1,500 battery experts.
Follow us on LinkedIn >>

Save the Date: Battery Innovation Days

Curated in partnership with key European Research & Innovation initiatives, the first edition of the annual conference on battery research and innovation – the Battery Innovation Days – is taking place on 23-24-25 November 2021 .

For news on the virtual conference, follow the Battery Innovation Days on LinkedIn >>

Legal Notice / Subscription

Acknowledgements :
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Klaus Dröder, Institute of Production Technology and Machine Tools at TU
Braunschweig, Germany
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jürgen Fleischer, Institute of Production Technology (wbk) at KIT Karlsruhe
Institute of Technology
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rüdiger Daub, Fraunhofer Institute for Casting, Composite and Processing
Technology (IGCV), Augsburg, Germany and Institute for Machine Tools and Industrial
Management (iwb) at TU München, Germany
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Franz Dietrich, Institute of Machine Tools and Factory Management (IWF), TU
Berlin, Germany

VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH (VDI/VDE-IT) has been commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) to act as the project management agency and to provide scientific support for the Europe-wide "IPCEI battery cell production" project.

Together with its partners from TÜV Rheinland Consulting and Technical University of Berlin the accompanying research team provides analytics, dissemination and networking activities for the German IPCEI projects.

VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH
Department Mobility, Energy and Future Technologies
Steinplatz 1
10623 Berlin

Registergericht: Amtsgericht
Berlin-Charlottenburg, HRB 99568
Geschäftsführer: Peter Dortans, Dr. Werner Wilke
Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Axel Stepken

Image credits
Symbols: AdobeStock / davooda, presentationload